SPATIAL ABILITY AND SPATIAL MEMORY IN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS OF MATHEMATICAL FLUENCY
T.N. Tikhomirova1, 2, S.B. Malykh1, 2, S.A. Bogomaz2, O.V. Sudneva2, Y. Kovas1, 2, 3
1 Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia; 2 National Research Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia; 3 Goldsmiths, University of London, London, UK
The study investigated spatial ability and visuo-spatial memory in groups of high school students with different levels of mathematical fluency. We used the Mental Rotation Task and Corsi Block-Tapping Task to measure spatial ability and visuo-spatial memory, respectively. A statistically significant difference was found between the groups with different levels of math fluency in terms of effectiveness of spatial ability and level of visuo-spatial memory. Statistically significant sex differences were observed in levels of spatial ability and visuo-spatial memory: males showed better results than females. However, sex explained only between 1 and 3% of the variation in these abilities.
Keywords: mathematical fluency, spatial ability, spatial memory, mental rotation, sex differences, high school age.